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Department of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation Website


Practising walking
with calipers in the
Rehabilitation Institute
despite being Paralysed
from the waist down


Physio Services

Physio Equipment




Academic Courses



Contact Information


Physiotherapy is able to help many people including those with musculoskeletal pain and people with various forms of disability. Physiotherapy is often called physio or PT. The physiotherapy section in CMC was established in 1952.

People can be assessed for Physiotherapy by seeing a doctor in the Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation (PMR) Outpatient Department who will then refer them for physio if they feel the patient will benefit from their services. The department is equipped with a variety of equipment to help treat patients.


Physiotherapy Services

There are many areas of service and specialisation within the Physiotherapy department which include:

Helping a child to walk with a frame and harness

Physiotherapy services



PMR OPD entrance

OPD Gymnasium

PMR OPD entrance







Rehabilitation Institute inpatients

Rehabilitation Institute

Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation inpatients


General Medicine inpatients



Physiotherapist role:

The physiotherapist will do a detailed physical assessment when they first see the patient and this is repeated as necessary during their treatment. The assessment will include details about how strong the limbs are, the amount of movement at various joints, details of any pain and how it effects patients. A detailed assessment of how the patient moves, are any aids used and problems with walking.

The therapist will then set appropriate goals with the patient with the aim of improving their mobility and the treatment given will help the patients reach these goals.

Treatments given:

Various types of treatments will be given depending on the patients needs. Some of the treatments used include:

Physiotherapists also assist people with chest, back, balance, cardiac and bladder problems:


Home exercise programmes

Home programmes are an essential part of most patients treatment. A careful balance between taking responsibility for our own bodies and accepting help and advice from others is needed. Some forms of treatment need the therapist to do most of the work for example applying ultrasound treatment. However other forms of treatment need the patient to play a much more active role and nothing can be achieved without this. Home programmes are given to patients who need to continue being active in their own treatment once they go home. Many good treatments can be done by the patient either on their own or with the help of someone in their home environment. The physios will teach these to the patients, and their families if appropriate, and instruct them on how, when and how often to do the programme.


The physiotherapists are trained to use a wide range of equipment, that available in CMC is listed below. This equipment is used to treat pain, increase muscle strength and mobilised soft tissues. The physio will ask the patient what the problems are and use any of the equipment that may help. For example ultrasound is used to treat local areas of pain eg in the arm. The ultrasound probe is used over the tender area and the treatments can be repeated a few times a week if they are helpful.


Other Activities

In the rehab institute the physiotherapists will also conduct home visits along with the rehab team for inpatients who live close enough to CMC. Once a month the team also visits people living in the community and see how they are doing, give advise as needed and some will have more inpatient or outpatient treatment planned as appropriate.

Physios will also conduct educational classes for patients and relatives in the rehab institute and will conduct group discussion for patients and relatives

Closeup of the ultrasound
head being used to
treat heel pain

This young girl is
going from sit to stand
using a rope ladder

Physiotherapy Equipment

The equipment available for physiotherapy treatments within CMC includes:


High frequency thermotherapy and computerised traction, Shortwave diathermy, Microwave diathermy, Ultrasound, Wax bath, Hydrocollators, Infrared, T.E.N.S., Muscle Stimulators, Interferential currents etc

Hydrotherapy pool

including hoist and equipment.

Hospital Gymnasia:

equipped with various exercise therapy equipment and Multigym.

Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation OPD:

Calipers, walking frames, crutches, splints for people to start training with, weights, parallel bars, rope ladders, wobble boards.

Rehabilitation Institute:

Calipers, walking frames, crutches, splints for people to start training with, weights, parallel bars, wobble boards.

Pictures of Physio Treatments

Some of the treatments available are illustrated here. To see larger pictures click on the picture, or go to the photoalbum to see all of them:


Interferential treatment

Computerised Traction


Shortwave therapy


Wobble board

Tilt tables



A four year Bachelor of Science degree is now offered in the Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation department. Please see the PMR Education page at for more details.

There is an extensive programme for Continuing Professional Development (CPD) within the physiotherapy services which includes journal reviews, case studies and ongoing updates using relevant textbooks. There are also some multidisciplinary classes held in the rehab institute, the physios working there attend these and participate in the teaching schedule. The physios are also involved in teaching physiotherapy undergraduates.

Continuing professional development also included some physios attending professional conferences and/or presenting papers. Details of some of these can be found on the PMR education page.


Profile of Physiotherapy Services

Year Established


Name of first Head of section

Moyna Parker

Present In charge

J Vijaya Kumar

No of staff




Physiotherapy Interns

10 juniors for 6 months

10 seniors for 12 months



Services Provided April - March

Each year the physiotherapists treat a large number of patients. The table below shows the approximate numbers treated annually and more precise numbers can be found on Department statistics




Per Year

Per Year

Main Hospital







Rehab Institute







Academic Courses


Year started

No. students per yr

Total No Students Passed so far

Bachelor of Physiotherapy



160 approx.

Became a 4yr course



First batch will complete in 2001


Milestones through the years


Unit started with 3 Physiotherapists


Physiotherapy diploma started


Bachelors degree in physiotherapy starts as a 3 yr course


Bachelors in Physiotherapy course lengthened to 4 yrs

Physiotherapy Staff

Go to this link to see details of the staff working in the physio sections of the PMR dept: Staff in PMR.


Physio Links

Australian Physiotherapy Association

Canadian Physiotherapy Association

Links to various physiotherapy resources online

Physical Therapist Online Library

Advance for Physical Therapists and PT Assistants Practitioners Online


Job Opportunities in PMR

Vacancies arise within the PMR department at regular intervals. Medical, OT, Physio, speech therapy, orthotics and prosthetic posts and internships are all handled by the principal's Office. Contact details below.


Links to the rest of the PMR web pages are in the column to the left. Hover over (mouse over / move the mouse over) the titles and see more information about the page – double click on the page you want.

Contact Us

How to Book Appointments and Register

You can phone, post or visit the hospital to book an appointment. See PMR Contacts for full details

Appointments and Registering by Phone

You can get most telephone extensions inside the hospital without the operators,

New and returning patients may phone the Appointments Call Center any day, at the time shown below.
Please note:You need to PAY by CREDIT CARD when you book the appointment by phone. All credit cards with the VISA emblem are now accepted.

Day Time Telephone

Monday - Friday

7 am to 9.30 pm

0416 228 8000


7 am to 7 pm


10am to 2pm

Coming Back to CMC - Book Online

Patients coming back to CMC with a CMC hospital number can book appointments online. Payment is by credit card or the CHRIS card (CMC cash card).


Job and internship enquiries

Enquiries about working as a doctor, therapist or nurse and internship enquires: please contact the principal's Office:


PMR Patient Enquiries

Patient care enquiries for PMR: please contact Dr. Debbie Skeil:


PMR Office Phones & Postal Addresses

The code for India is +91, the Vellore area code is (0)416. Simply dial 228 then the extension you need.
If you need operator assistance then dial 228 4000.

PMR Office


Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Christian Medical College, Vellore. 632004. India


main hospital


Rehabilitation Institute

Ground Fl - 4571
First Fl - 4578

Eg Ringing Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation office from India:

0 416 228 2158

More detailed contact information can be found at Contact Us

We hope this information is accurate. If you have any information that may be useful or see any mistakes, please let us know.


Last Edited Sept 2010

Department of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation Website